Updated: November 10, 2021

Owners of German Shepherds find them to be loyal and trustworthy, and note that they make excellent and steadfast companions, especially for children. German Shepherds can be overly-protective if not handled properly and shouldn’t be left alone for long periods of time, as they can experience anxiety. Their intelligence and adaptability have led to their use in many major metropolitan police services as drug-sniffing and tracking dogs.

This breed originated in Germany in the latter part of the 19th century. Considered a “young breed”, the German Shepherd was first registered in a breeding society in Germany in 1899.

Subsequent mixed breeding diluted the breed’s popularity in American culture until several German Shepherd’s won American Kennel club shows in the late 1930s. However, the sudden rise in popularity was squashed in anti-German sentiment after World War II. Since that time, the breed has enjoyed a gradual resurgence and is now the second most registered dog breed in the United States.


Pet profile

Perfect for families with children or those looking for a watchdog.

Exercise and nutrition

When your German Shepherd reaches adulthood, you should be exercising them for two or more hours a day to keep them healthy. It’s a good idea to enroll your German Shepherd in training classes. Not only is it great exercise for your pup, but regular training from an early age will make them a more manageable when they’re fully grown.

German Shepherds need large amounts of protein in their diets. The amount you feed your dog will depend on their age and size. Always read the label or seek advice from your veterinarian if you are unsure. 


Common health problems and illnesses 

German Shepherds do have their share of health issues, which is why it’s a good idea to take out insurance for your German Shepherd while they’re still a puppy.

Hip dysplasia is common in larger dogs such as German Shepherds, and is an issue that can quickly escalate from minor pain to something more serious. Many dogs will need to undergo corrective hip or elbow surgery for this problem.

German Shepherds are also prone to developing a disease known as Degenerative Myelopathy, which affects the health of the dog’s limbs. As a progressive disease, this condition can ultimately lead to paralysis in your dog, and they will eventually be unable to support their own bodyweight. Unfortunately, this disease is incurable. 

Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is also common in German Shepherds. This disorder is caused by a deficiency of a plasma protein in the blood which enables it to clot. This can cause a dangerous amount of bleeding from even a small injury. 

Bloat, otherwise known as gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV), is a very serious, life-threatening condition which can cause the dog’s stomach to twist. The oxygen and blood supply to the organ is then cut off and urgent medical treatment is required. 

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) can also affect German Shepherds. This occurs when a dog’s pancreas doesn’t produce sufficient amounts of crucial digestive enzymes. This low number of digestive enzymes in the bowel mean that the dog can’t digest and absorb food properly. Your veterinarian can prescribe a form of replacement digestive enzymes with can be added to the food, however your dog will need to take these digestive supplements for the remainder of their lifetime.

Haemangiosarcoma is a cancer that occurs in the lining of blood vessels in organs such as the spleen, liver and kidney. This cancer is fast growing so, unfortunately, can spread very quickly throughout your dog’s body. 

Anal furunculosis is another condition that German Shepherds can be prone to. This condition causes inflammation and ulcers around the dog’s anus. A variety of different treatments are available, for example immunosuppressive medicines or surgery. This condition can require on-going attention, but most dogs are able to continue life as normal. 


German Shepherd weight and growth chart

The German Shepherd is a medium to large dog at maturity. According to the American Kennel Club, they grow to 22 to 26 inches in height and 50 to 90 pounds in weight. The healthy range varies depending on the dog’s age and gender. Is your German Shepherd puppy growing correctly? Check out the German Shepherd Weight and Growth Chart.


Fun facts 

  1. Studies have shown that German Shepherds are the 3rd most intelligent dog breed, behind the Border Collie and the Poodle.
  2. German Shepherds obey the first given command 95% of the time, and on average can learn simple tasks after a just five repetitions. 
  3. Comparable to the bite force of a human, at 86 pounds, the German Shepherd’s bite has 238 pounds of force.
  4. German Shepherds have a double coat, and their out coat will shed all year round.
  5. They come in different combinations of colors: black and tan, sable, all black and all white.

German Shepherd