Updated: November 10, 2021


The Dachshund is a breed loved for its lively and engaging personality, as well as its reputation as the world’s cutest hot-dog on legs! Dachshund owners are breed-loyal to the core and enjoy participating in “doxie” activities such as breed shows, owners’ clubs and longest doxie contests. 

The Dachshund’s personality is energetic, enthusiastic, persistent, sometimes stubborn and often charming, and the breed is fast becoming a favorite with families for both its size and personality.

Dachshunds come in various shapes, sizes and colors, making them the perfect dog if you’re looking for variety. Short-haired, long-haired or wire-haired Dachshunds are all equally as adorable, however the long-haired and wire-haired varieties require more grooming to stay looking their best.


Pet profile

Great for those looking for a lively, low maintenance breed.

  • Small (20cm to 22cm) 
  • Typically weighing between 7kg and 14kg
  • 12 to 15 years life expectancy

Exercise and nutrition

It is recommended you exercise your Dachshund for up to 30 minutes a day when they reach adulthood. Dachshunds are easily exercised so a short walk around the block twice a day will be sufficient in terms of keeping them happy and healthy.

Although, bear in mind that some Dachshunds don’t like being outside in bad weather, so you may find that your dog is reluctant to go on walks during the rainier months of the year.

Feed your Dachshund twice daily. If you have any concerns or questions about how much to feed your dog or how often, please consult your veterinarian for advice.


Common health problems and illnesses 

Dachshunds do have their share of health issues, which is why it’s important to take out insurance for your Dachshund while they’re still a puppy.

Spinal and back injuries are the most commonly cited issues by owners of this breed. This is because their backs have been made fragile by inbreeding for color, coat length, and other features not traditionally associated with the breed.

Intervertebral disk disease is also a concern for Dachshund owners, as it commonly affects breeds with short legs and wide backs. There are several types of intervertebral disk disease, but all manifest similarly and involve herniated disk rupturing and putting pressure on the spinal cord. Symptoms include lower back pain and incontinence, and the condition can even result in paralysis if left untreated.

Dachshunds are famous for their large appetites. However, this can sometimes have devastating results, so it’s important to keep toxic foods and other high-risk items well out of your dog’s reach and be aware of the signs of obesity.

Gum disease is common in this breed, and occurs when a tooth’s deep supporting structures become inflamed. After the gums have become infected, spaces can form between the gums and the teeth creating pockets of space for bacteria to grow, resulting in periodontal disease. Be sure to take your Dachshund to your vet and brush their teeth regularly to ensure their dental health is up to scratch.

Epilepsy is another condition that commonly affects Dachshunds.  If your pet starts suffering from seizures consult your vet who will be able to prescribe the best course of treatment for your pet’s condition.

Hypothyroidism is also common in this breed, and occurs when the thyroid glands fail to secrete enough thyroid hormone. This can lead to a slow metabolic rate, which can result in weight gain, a slowed heart rate and an intolerance to the cold. It can be managed effectively with thyroid hormone replacement tablets; however your Dachshund will need to take this medication for the rest of their life.


Fun facts 

  1. Dachshunds come in fifteen different colors, including red, black, tan, cream, chocolate and fawn and can have a variety of marking mixtures. Dachshunds also come in three sizes: miniature, standard, and a size in-between miniature and standard.
  2. Andy Warhol loved Dachshunds, often letting his Dachshund come to interviews with him and ‘answer’ questions for him.
  3. The Dachshund is the smallest dog breed that was traditionally used for hunting.
  4. Dachshunds make superb watch dogs, letting loose at intruders (or just visitors) with continuous barking.