Updated: Feb 08, 2022

Siamese Cat Breed Profile

Siamese cats are an inquisitive, affectionate breed. If you’re in need of a new best friend to shower with love and affection, then this could be the perfect cat for you! These beautiful felines are intelligent, vocal, and very loving.

Siamese cats love being the center of attention and getting all the love and affection they can from their owners; which they’ll make sure they get with vocal displays.

Siamese cats often have huge personalities, making them entertaining companions. They do well with other pets and children because they are such a social domestic cat.

Their high-energy, active, lifestyle continues into their senior years. Siamese lives until around age 15, reaching senior status at age 12.


History of Siamese

The Siamese cat originates from Thailand, or Siam as it was called at the time. The Siamese breed was extremely exclusive. It is said that only the King and royal family were permitted to own one.

Siamese cats are depicted in ancient manuscripts, but it wasn't until the nineteenth century that they were officially recognized in the Western world.

Siamese cats are a natural breed, which means their pattern originated from a genetic mutation. The Siamese cat breed has been used in creating many other popular cat breeds such as the Balinese, the Himalayan, the Havana Brown, the Tonkinese, and the Oriental.

The Siamese cat is a breed recognized by all cat associations, and the International Cat Association even recognizes the Thai, also known as an old-style Siamese.

Characteristics of Siamese

Piercing blue eyes that are almond-shaped is a distinctive feature of the Siamese cat. They are often a lean and slim body type with an oval-shaped head and a long pointed thin tail.

Siamese is considered a medium-sized cat breed standing up to 14 inches tall and usually between 8-14 pounds.

Siamese have a short coat with fine hair, so they do not require excessive grooming. They also come in a variety of colors, distinguished by ‘points’, which is the name given to colored fur on ears, tail, paws, or nose.

  • Seal point: A cream body with deep brown points to their ears, nose, paws, and tail.

  • Chocolate point: An ivory body with lighter brown points to their ears, nose, paws, and tail.

  • Blue point: A bluish-white body with deep blue points to their ears, nose, paws, and tail.

  • Lilac point: A white body with grey and pink colored points to their ears, nose, paws, and tail. 

Adopting A Siamese From A Breeder Or Rescue

When adopting a Siamese, it is recommended to find reputable breeders. To be considered a pedigree cat, they should be recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association.

You can sometimes find Siamese at cat rescues or shelters, but usually, they are adopted from breeders.



Pet profile

Best suited to quieter households with smaller living spaces.

  • Medium (30cm to 38cm)
  • Typically weighing between 3kg and 6kg
  • 9 to 15 years life expectancy

Exercise And Nutrition of Siamese

Siamese cats are often very playful and energetic animals, however, due to their lean physique and smaller frame they are more at risk of developing obesity. Ensure your cat is not being overfed and is having regular playtime sessions with you and the rest of the family.

If you are concerned that your Siamese cat is already overweight, take them to your vet and they will be able to give you dietary advice on how to get them back down to a healthy weight.

Siamese cats are very intelligent animals, and so they will easily get used to a feeding time schedule, so make sure you have a regular feeding schedule so as not to cause your cat any anxiety in your cat.

Siamese cat breeds have different nutritional needs from other cat breeds. They have a lean and muscular body, so they generally need more protein and less fat in their diets to avoid weight gain.


Common Health Problems And Illnesses Of Siamese

Due to the fact that they are prone to certain illnesses, it’s important to get cat insurance for your Siamese kitten as soon as possible to ensure that any conditions that develop will be covered by your policy.

Siamese cats can suffer from gum disease due to the shape of their jaws; when they eat they are sometimes able to swallow food whole, so their teeth aren’t naturally cleaned during eating.

If they eat like this or are only fed wet food their teeth don’t get cleaned naturally so plaque can build up on the teeth. The plaque can then cause gum disease. However, it is easily treated by implementing a regular routine of care, such as feeding dry food and brushing your cat’s teeth.

Stress in animals shows itself in a variety of ways; Siamese cats can be victims to the feline obsessive-compulsive disorder, psychogenic alopecia.

This causes them to groom themselves to the point of hair loss. This can be treated by medication and using calming house sprays that contain pheromones that will ultimately make your animal feel more at ease.

Siamese cats can become affected by kidney disease for a number of reasons, such as age, infections, blockages, or tumors. If kidney infections are left untreated these can develop into chronic kidney disease.

If you think your cat is unwell, take them to see your veterinarian who will diagnose the illness and set up a treatment plan. Kidney disease is incurable, however, with the correct medication, your animal will be able to live life with sufficient normality. 

Siamese cats can sometimes develop a heart disease called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This disease can lead to heart failure but is treatable with lifelong medication.

If you notice the following symptoms in your cat then they could have heart disease; fainting, breathing problems or shortness of breath, loss of appetite, and tiredness. If your cat has one or a number of these symptoms take them to your vet where they will provide a proper diagnosis and medication.

Although liver disease can affect all cats, the Siamese are more susceptible than others. Liver disease can occur through infection or inflammation and can coincide with pancreatitis which is an inflammation caused by trauma, infection, parasites, or a bad reaction to medication.

Treatment will be prescribed that best fits your cat’s condition and may include pain relief, antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, vitamins, and fluids. 


Fun Facts About Siamese Cats

  1. A Siamese cat once gave birth to a litter of 19 kittens! Usually, their litters are between 4-6 kittens. This litter still stands as the world’s largest litter of domestic cats!

  2. James Dean owned a Siamese cat – given to him as a gift by Elizabeth Taylor. 

  3. In Thailand, Siamese cats are called wichien-matt, which can be translated to ‘Moon Diamond’.

  4. Many Siamese cats aren’t able to digest lactose, and sugar found in dairy products. Milk shouldn’t be given to this breed, as it can cause some stomach upsets!

  5. A Siamese pair was featured in the movie "Lady And The Tramp" with a song that goes, “we are Siamese if you please. We are Siamese if you don’t please.” This song is said to describe the personality of Siamese perfectly because they are a talkative and opinionated cat breed.

Siamese kitten